Strabismus Causes and Treatment

man with lazy eye

In order for your eyes to focus normally, six muscles around each eye must work together. When your two eyes see different images, your brain tends to favor the stronger eye. This means the weak eye gets weaker, resulting in amblyopia, or “lazy eye.”

Risk factors for developing strabismus may include farsightedness and a family history of the disorder. Both adults and children suffer from strabismus, but the causes are different. For adults, causes include:

  • Diabetes
  • Stroke
  • Botulism
  • Graves’ disease
  • Shellfish poisoning
  • Guillain-Barré syndrome
  • Cranial nerve palsies
  • Tumors
  • Eye injuries
  • Traumatic brain injury
  • Vision loss

Treatment

Treatment for strabismus involves a few steps. First, your eye doctor will determine whether you need glasses. Then, he or she will treat your amblyopia. This typically involves wearing a patch over the stronger eye, forcing the weak eye to work harder. This can be frustrating and tiring, but is an important step.

Next, you might need surgery to help the eye muscles work together correctly. This surgery can be done at any age. Eye alignment surgery is generally performed as an outpatient procedure, often with local or regional anesthetic. However, in some cases, it might require hospitalization. Most people can return to their regular activities within a few days. Your doctor might restrict swimming and heavy lifting for several weeks.

The reasons to have eye alignment surgery go way beyond cosmetic benefits. Eye misalignment can cause disabling and dangerous double vision. Since people with strabismus are often self-conscious about this condition, getting alignment surgery may improve your circumstances emotionally, socially and even economically.

What to Expect After Treatment

Any type of surgery bears risks, including infection, bleeding and anesthetic complications. The most common risks for strabismus surgery are double vision and residual misalignment. In rare cases, patients may suffer retinal detachment or decreased vision. However, most patients experience a significant improvement in eye alignment after surgery. They may feel pain and a pulling sensation around the eyes for a few days. Usually over-the-counter pain relievers can address this level of discomfort.

If you suffer from strabismus and would like to discuss your treatment options, call our clinic today.

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Wednesday:

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Testimonials

Reviews From Our Satisfied Patients

  • "I have been using Eyemaxx for over 5 years and would not go anywhere else. Dr. Bwint provides a very thorough exam and is really dedicated to providing you with the best vision you can have. I would highly recommend Eyemaxx to anyone. My whole family uses her."
    Tina P.
  • "My daughter got her first pair of glasses here this week. Everyone at the shop was helpful, friendly and patient as we tried many frames on. They have a good selection of children's frames and we are very happy with the ones we got. Thank you!"
    Jennifer H.
  • "My husband and I (and one of our daughters) have gone to Dr. Sandra Bwint for several years now and we love her! And we love the entire staff at Eyemaxx. My husband and I both have complex vision challenges and Dr. Bwint takes incredible time and care in making sure that she assesses our vision in the most thorough and up to date manner. She has also referred us to other, wonderful professionals in the area (a retinal specialist from Wills Eye Hospital, for instance) when warranted. She is always patient with us if there is a problem with new glasses or frames. And, always greets us with a smile and good cheer. We won't go anywhere else!"
    Nadine B.